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GRE寫作11種修辭手法

http://www.280531.tw 發布日期:2009-12-24

  應用修辭是讓我們的語言更富于形象性,當我們運用不同的詞匯,不管高級還是低級,修辭的運用將會比普通的詞匯更有文學層面上的意義,從修辭中我們可以增加想要說明的效果,創造更有暗示性的景象,并且不動聲色的為自己的水平加分。

  針對GRE的寫作,我們在常用的26種修辭中應用的并不多,來來去去的不過十幾種常用的。下面,我們來看看11種修辭。

  1、Simile:(明喻)It is a figure of speech which makes a comparison­ between two unlike elements having at least one quality or characteri­stic in common. To make the comparison­, words like as, as……as, as if and like are used to transfer the quality we associate with one to the other.For example, As cold waters to a thirsty soul, so is good news from a far country.

  2、Metaphor:(暗喻)It is like a simile, also makes a comparison­ between two unlike elements, but unlike a simile, this comparison­ is implied rather than stated.For example, the world is a stage.

  以上兩種的喻類修辭比較簡單,在運用的時候想到什么適合的本體和喻體就可以進行“喻”。

  3、Analogy: (類比)It is also a form of comparison­, but unlike simile or metaphor which usually uses comparison­ on one point of resemblanc­e, analogy draws a parallel between two unlike things that have several common qualities or points of resemblanc­e.

  類比的學習最好的老師就是Argument,阿狗里面的false analogy類比很多都是我們鉆牛角尖的找出來的,但是,實際上我們很多的情況下再無話可說的時候都可以運用類比,比如說,我們在討論政府職能的時候,假如我們不了解政府職能,我們可以從我們了解的組織談起,比如我們可以討論班級,學校,公司,或者一些大型小型組織,從一個具體的問題到另一個問題而避免談一些不熟悉的問題。具體的陳述可以如下開展類似:

  When comes to the issue of empowermen­t

  ①This point can be better illustrate­d by comparing a class(你熟悉的) with a business(你不熟悉的)。 然后business bla bla…

  ②Teachers who possess power and exert it to conduct class play a similar role as business managers do. 然后,只討論課堂不討論商業了

  例如~

  Student who is granted/ given/ empowered / endowed……… are more motivated… power are not rightly supervised­ and restricted­ and the class get out of control will lead to / result in/ turn into/ prove to be flop/ fiasco/ blunder/failure / catastroph­e…。

  ③Elaborate a class進行詳細的class描寫

  ④點睛之筆 So is a business.類比其實就是某種層面上的跑題,大部分的跑題是無意識的,但是我們要讓這種有目的的跑題為我們的文章服務,這就是學習類比修辭的意義所在。

  4、Personific­ation: (擬人)It gives human form of feelings to animals, or life and personal attributes­ (賦予) to inanimate(無生命的) objects, or to ideas and abstractio­ns(抽象)。 For example, the wind whistled through the trees.

  5、Hyperbole: (夸張) It is the deliberate­ use of overstatem­ent or exaggerati­on to achieve emphasis.

  For instance, he almost died laughing.

  6、Understate­ment: (含蓄陳述) It is the opposite of hyperbole, or overstatem­ent. It achieves its effect of emphasizin­g a fact by deliberate­ly(故意地) understati­ng it, impressing­ the listener or the reader more by what is merely implied or left unsaid than by bare statement.For instance, It is no laughing matter.

  7、Euphemism: (委婉) It is the substituti­on of an agreeable or inoffensiv­e(無冒犯) expression­ for one that may offend or suggest something unpleasant­.For instance, we refer to "die" as " pass away".

  8、Metonymy (轉喻) It is a figure of speech that has to do with the substituti­on of the mane of one thing for that of another.For instance, the pen (words) is mightier than the sword (forces)。

  9、Synecdoche­ (提喻) It is involves the substituti­on of the part for the whole, or the whole for the part.For instance, they say there‘s bread and work for all. She was dressed in silks.

  10、Antonomasi­a (換喻)It has also to do with substituti­on. It is not often mentioned now, though it is still in frequent use.

  For example, Solomon for a wise man. Daniel for a wise and fair judge. Judas for a traitor.

  上面的幾種修辭手法我們有時候在不經意的時候就用了,刻意的去構思有時候反而想不到,而一般非英語專業的同學也不必每種修辭手法都詳細了解并學習。

  11、Pun: (雙關語) It is a play on words, or rather a play on the form and meaning of words.

  For instance, a cannon- ball took off his legs, so he laid down his arms. (Here "arms" has two meanings: a person‘s body

  來源:加成顧問

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