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新托福流利口語必備的850

http://www.280531.tw 發布日期:2009-12-21

:流利口語的850個基本詞。其中,對動詞增加了些例句,大家通過這些例句可以體會到這些詞雖簡單但詞義深廣。
  第一部分、基本動詞詞匯

  Basic Verbs, Prepositions, Articles, Pronouns, etc.

  1. come (verb.)

  Come here! 到這里來!

  He will never come to much (= will never be successful). 他將來絕不會很有作為。

   

  How did you come to be so foolish? 你為什么如此愚蠢?

  On what page does it come? 它在哪一頁?

  2. get (verb.)

  We can get 15 channels on TV. 我們可以收看到15個頻道的電視節目。

  Do you get me? 你明白我的意思嗎?

  Ah! I’ve got you there! 啊!這下我可難到你啦。

  3. give (verb.)

  He gave me his cold. 他把感冒傳給我。

  Sorry to have given you trouble. 對不起,打擾了。

  Ladies and gentlemen, I give you our speaker for tonight. 女士們,先生們,讓我向諸位介紹今晚的演講者。

  4. go (verb.)

  Go get a doctor. 去叫醫生來!

  How goes it with you? 你近來情況如何?

  There are six minutes to go. 還有六分鐘。

  5. keep (verb.)

  Does your watch keep good time? 你的表走得準嗎?

  Sorry to have kept you waiting. 對不起,讓你久等了。

  Does your school keep all day? 你們學校全天上課嗎?

  6. let (verb.)

  Let us pray. 讓我們祈禱吧。

  The pair of rubber shoes let (in) water. 這雙膠鞋漏水。

  The flat lets for 1500 yuan a month. 這套公寓每月租金1500元。

  7. make (verb.)

  Make yourself comfortable. 請隨意。

  What time do you make it? (What do you make the time?) 你看現在幾點了?

  He made to go. 他要走了。

  8. put (verb.)

  I put a question to him. 我向他提出一個問題。

  What a way you have of putting things! 瞧你這人怎么那樣說話!

  I put her at about 35. 我估計她大概35歲。

  9. seem (verb.)

  Be what you seem (to be). 要表里如一。

  It seems as if it is going to rain. 看來快下雨了。

  I can’t seem to solve it right now. 看來我無法立刻解決它。

  10. take (verb.)

  Be careful not to take cold. 小心不要著涼。

  Do you take me for a fool? 你以為我是傻瓜嗎?

  Don’t take it so seriously. 不要把這事看得太嚴重。

  11. be (verb.)

  Can such things be? 可能有這樣的事嗎?

  He is come. 他已經來了。

  12. do (verb.)

  Will you do me a favour? 幫我個忙好嗎?

  They do you very well at that hotel. 那家旅館服務很周到。

  What"s doing over there? 那邊在干什么?

  13. have (verb.)

  May I have one? 可以給我一個嗎?

  Let"s have a talk. 咱們談一談。

  You have me, haven"t you? 你明白我的意思了,對不對?

  14. say (verb.)

  We mean what we say. 我們說的話是算數的。

  What do these figures say? 這些數字說明什么?

  You may well say so. 你完全可以這么說。

  15. see (verb.)

  Watch and see how others do it. 好好看著人家是怎么做的。

  See you. 再見!

  Wait and see. 等著瞧吧。

  16. send (verb.)

  God send it may not be so! 但愿不是這樣!

  Send for the doctor, please. 請叫醫生來。

  Please send the letter on to Tom. 請將此信交給湯姆。

   17. may

  18. will

  19. about

  20. across

  21. after

  22. against

  23. among

  24. at

  25. before

  26. between

  27. by

  28. down

  29. from

  30. in

  31. off

  32. on

  33. over

  34. through

  35. to

  36. under

  37. up

  38. with

  39. as

  40. for

  41. of

  42. till

  43. than

  44. a

  45. the

  46. all

  47. any

  48. every

  49. no

  50. other

  51. some

  52. such

  53. that

  54. this

  55. i

  56. he

  57. you

  58. who

  59. and

  60. because

  61. but

  62. or

  63. if

  64. though

  65. while

  66. how

  67. when

  68. where

  69. why

  70. again

  71. ever

  72. far

  73. forward

  74. here

  75. near

  76. now

  77. out

  78. still

  79. then

  80. there

  81. together

  82. well

  83. almost

  84. enough

  85. even

  86. little

  87. much

  88. not

  89. only

  90. quite

  91. so

  92. very

  93. tomorrow

  94. yesterday

  95. north

  96. south

  97. east

  98. west

  99. please

  100. yes



  第二部分、常用名詞詞匯

  General Nouns (1-100)

  1.account

  I have an account with the bank. 我在銀行開有戶頭



  He turned/put his knowledge of Spanish to good account. 他善加利用他對西班牙語文的知識。

  Don’t stay away on account of John. 為了約翰,不要離開。

  2.act

  Don’t take him seriously --- it’s just an act. 不要把他看得太認真 ——他只是假裝那樣而已。

  In the act of (=while) picking up the ball, he slipped and fell. 正當其拾球之際,他失足跌倒。

  3.addition

  They’ve just had an addition to the family. 他們家里剛又增加一口。

  4.adjustment

  They do an adjustment on humance resources to achieve the goal. 為了達到目標,他們調整了人員。

  5. advertisement

  Advertisement helps to sell goods. 廣告有助于銷路。

  6. agreement

  I’m quite in agreement with what you say. 我十分同意你所說的話。

  7. air

  My plans are still quite in the air. 我的計劃還未定案。

  Radio Beijing is on the air 24 hours a day. 北京電臺全天24小時廣播。

  8. amount

  There is still quite an amount of prejudice against him. 人們對他尚有很大的偏見。

  He has any amount of money. 他的錢不可數計。

  9. amusement

  He looked at me in amusement. 他很感興趣地望著我。

  There are plenty of amusements here – cinemas, theatres, concerts, football matches, and so on. 這里有許多娛樂 - 電影院、戲院、音樂會、足球比賽等。

  10. animal

  animal desires 肉欲

  11. answer

  She gave no answer. 她沒有回答。

  12. apparatus

  Your digestive apparatus takes the food you eat and changes it so that it can be used to build up the body. 你的消化器官把你所吃的食物消化、吸收,用以增進身體的健康。

  13. approval

  Your plans have my approval. 你的計劃我贊成。

  14. argument

  I have no wish to engage in (an) argument with you. 我不想跟你辯論。

  15. art

  The story is developed with great art. 那故事非常技巧地展開。

  16. attack

  Attack is said to be the best form of defence. 常言道,攻擊是最好的防御。

  17. attempt

  Her attempt at a Christmas cake had to be thrown away. 她的圣誕蛋糕做得不好。

  18. attention

  Pay attention to what you’re doing. 注意你在做的事。

  A pretty girl usually receives more attentions than a plain girl. 一個漂亮女孩通常比一個普通女孩得到較多的殷勤。

  Attention! 立正!

  19. attraction

  He cannot resist the attraction of a pretty girl. 他無法抗拒漂亮女郎的吸引力。

  20. authority

  He is a great authority on phonetics. 他是語音學方面的權威。

  21. back

  He slipped and fell on his back. 他仰天滑到。

  22. balance

  Don’t get excited; keep your balance. 不要沖動,保持冷靜。

  23. base

  A naval base is located at Wei Hai. 威海有個海軍基地。

  24. behavior

  Tom won a prize for good behavior at school. 湯姆在學校里得到品行優良獎。

  25. belief

  He has lost his belief in God. 他已不相信上帝。

  26. birth

  That baby weighed seven pounds at birth. 那嬰兒生下來七磅重。

  27. bit

  He ate every bit of his dinner. 他把他的晚餐吃得光光。

  She’s feeling a bit tired. 她覺得有點疲倦。

  He doesn’t care a bit. 他一點也不在乎。

  28. bite

  His face was covered with insect bites. 他滿臉都是蚊蟲咬傷。

  I haven’t had a bite since morning. 我從早晨到現在一口東西都未吃過。

  There’s a bite in the air this morning. 今天早晨有點寒風刺骨。

  29. blood

  He gave his blood to help his sister. 他輸血給他的妹妹以救她。

  His blood is up. 他發脾氣了。

  His blood ran cold. 他嚇得魂不附體。

  30. blow

  Let’s go for a blow. 讓我們到戶外吹吹風。

  31. body

  His body was brought back to England for burial. 他的遺體被運回英國埋葬。

  She’s a nice old body. 她是一個很好的老人。

  32. brass

  get down to brass tacks 開門見山

  33. bread

  I’m only dong it for the bread. 我純粹是為了錢才做那件事。

  34. breath

  They are not be mentioned in the same breath. 他們不可同日而語。

  There wasn’t a breath of air/wind. 一絲微風都沒有。

  35. brother

  He is my brother. 他是我的兄弟。

  36. building

  buidling materials 建筑材料

  building site 建筑工地

  37. burn

  He died of the burns he received in the fire. 他死于火災時所受到的灼傷。

  38. burst

  a burst of applause 一陣喝彩

  39. business

  He is in business of himself. 他自行經商。

  That’s no business of yours. 那事與你無關。

  I’m sick of the whole business. 我對這事情實在感到厭煩。

  40. butter

  butter will not melt in sb’s mouth 一本正經的樣子

  peanut buttter 花生醬

  41. canvas

  He is canvassing for the Conservative candidates. 他正在替保守黨候選人奔走拉票。

  42. care

  Take care (that) you don’t get run over when you cross the street. 當你穿越街道時,小心不要被車子撞到。

  I will leave this in your care. 我將此事交由你負責。

  He seems free from care. 他顯得無憂無慮。

  43. cause

  You have no cause for comlaint. 你沒有理由抱怨。

  44. chalk

  The girl like to collect chalks with various colors. 女孩喜歡收集各色粉筆。

  45. chance

  Let’s leave it to chance. 我們就讓它聽其自然。

  It’s the chance of a lifetime. 這是一生中難得再遇到的機會。

  46. change

  Take a change of clothes with you. 帶一套換洗的衣服。

  I have no small change. 我沒有零錢。

  Let’s hope there will be a change in weather. 但愿天氣會變好。

  47. cloth

  a floor cloth 擦地板布

  a dish cloth 洗碗布

  48. coal

  A hot coal fell from the fire and burnt a hole in the carpet. 火爐中調出來一塊煤,把地毯燒了一個洞。

  carry coals to Newcastle 多此一舉

  49. color

  She has very little color. 她面色蒼白。

  50. comfort

  It’s a comfort to know that she is safe. 知道她平安無事令人安慰。

  comfort station – (US) public lavatory (美) 公共廁所

  51. committee

  He sat on the committee when he was 45. 他45歲時成為委員會委員。

  52. company

  I shall be glad of your company on the journey. 我將很高興與你同行。

  53. comparison

  This one costs more but is cheaper by/in comparison. 這件東西價錢貴了點,但是比較起來還是便宜。

  54. competition

  At the Olympic Games our representatives were in competition with the best swimmers from all parts of the world. 在奧運會上,我們的代表會與世界各地的最佳游泳選手角逐。

  55. condition

  The condition of my health prevents me from working. 我的健康情況不容許我工作。

  56. connection

  What is the connection between the two ideas? 這兩個想法之間有何關聯?

  He set up in business and soon had a good connection. 他開業經商,很快就有了相當多的顧客。

  57. control

  The children are out of control. 孩子們不聽管教。

  58. cook

  He is a good cook. 他是一個好廚師。

  59. copper

  1) 銅 2) 銅幣 3) (俚語)警察

  60. copy

  If you can’t afford a new copy of the book, perhaps you can find a secondhand copy. 如果你買不起新書,你或許可以找到一本舊的。

  61. cork

  to draw/pull out the cork 拔開軟木塞

  cork-screw 瓶塞鉆

  62. copy

  63. cough

  He gave me a warning cough. 他以咳嗽警告我。

  64. country

  He decided to return to his country after graduation. 畢業后他決定回國。

  He spent the holiday in the country. 他在鄉下度假。

  65. cover

  The child read the book from cover to cover. 那孩子將書從頭讀到尾。

  Does your policy provide adequate cover against fire? 你的保險單是否提供適當的火險?

  cover girl 封面女郎

  66. crack

  Don’t go skating today – there are dangerous cracks in the ice. 今天不要去滑冰,冰上有危險的裂縫。

  67. credit

  No credit is given at this shop. 這家商店概不賒帳。

  How much have I standing to my credit? 我的存款尚有多少?

  The bank refused further credits to the company. 銀行拒絕再貸款給該公司。

  68. crime

  It is the business of the police to prevent and detect crime and of the law courts to punish crime. 防止和偵破犯罪是警察的職責,而懲罰犯罪是法庭的責任。

  It would be a crime to send the boy out on such a cold, wet night. 在這樣寒冷的雨夜把孩子們遣出是不對的。

  69. crush

  There was a violent crush at the gate into the stadium. 在體育場的入口處人群擁擠不堪。

  70. cry

  Let her have her cry out. 讓她哭個痛快吧。

  71. current

  A cold current of air came in when the door was opened. 門打開時進來了一股冷風。Nothing disturbs the peaceful current of her life. 在她平靜的生活中,沒有任何的騷擾。

  72. curve

  The driver of a car should not take curves at high speed. 汽車駕駛人不應在高速下轉彎。

  73. damage

  The insurance company will pay for the damage to my car. 保險公司將賠償我的汽車所受的損害。

  What’s the damage? (What’s the cost?)(口語)值多少錢?

  74. danger

  He has been very ill, but the doctors say that he is now out of danger. 他的病一直很嚴重,但醫生們說他現已脫離險境。

  That man is a danger to society. 那個人對于社會是個危險人物。

  75. daughter

  He has a lovely daughter. 他有一個可愛的女兒。

  76. day

  We travelled day and night without stopping. 我們日夜不停的旅行。

  He’s eighty if he’s a day! 他至少八十歲了。

  She was a beauty in her day. 她年輕時是個美人。

  77. death

  His mother’s death was a great blow to him. 他母親的去世對他是一大打擊。

  78. debt

  It’s much easier to get into debt than to get out of debt. 欠債容易償債難。

  79. decision

  Have they reached/come to/arrived at/taken/made a decision yet? 他們是否已有所決定了?

  80. degree

  He was not in the slightest degree interested. 他絲毫不感興趣。

  81. design

  The building seats 2000 people, but is poor in design. 這個建筑有二千個座位,但設計很差。

  He has designs on that young girl. (口語)他想打那個年輕女郎的注意。

  82. desire

  He has no desire for wealth. 他對于財富無欲望。

  I hope you will get all your heart’s desires. 我希望你能得到你想要的。

  83. destruction

  Gambling was his destruction. 賭博是他毀滅的根源。

  84. detail

  Please give me all the details. 請讓我知道所有的細節。

  85. development

  Which is more important, moral development or physical development? 道德培養和體格培養哪一樣較重要?

  We must await further developments. 我們必須等待進一步的發展。

  86. digestion

  He can only eat the food that is easy of digestion. 他只能吃易于消化的食物。

  87. direction

  Tom went off in one direction and Harry in another direction. 湯姆朝著一個方向去,哈里朝另一個方向去。

  She feels the need of direction. 她感到需要有人指導她。

  88. discovery

  He made wonderful scientific discoveries. 他完成了驚人的科學發現。

  89. discussion

  The question is still under discussion. 這個問題仍在討論中。

  90. disease

  The business of doctors is to prevent and cure disease. 醫生的職責是預防和治療疾病。

  91. disgust

  He turned away in disgust. 他厭惡地把臉轉開。

  92. distance

  My house is within easy walking distance of the shops. 我家離商店很近,走幾步就到了。

  93. distribution

  They could not agree about the distribution of the profits. 他們對于利潤的分配意見不一。

  94. division

  A hedge forms the division between his land and mine. 一道樹籬形成他的土地和我的土地之間的分界線。

  95. doubt

  I have no doubt of your ability. 我相信你的能力。

  96. drink

  What about a drink? 來杯酒如何?

  We have plenty of bottled drinks. 我們有很多的瓶裝飲料。

  97. driving

  take driving lessons 上駕駛課

  driving licence 駕駛執照

  driving school 駕駛學校

  driving test 駕駛執照考試

  98. dust

  The dust was blowing in the streets. 街上塵土飛揚。

  99. earth

  Who do you think was the greatest man on earth? 你認為誰是世界上最偉大的人?

  100. edge

  Don’t put the glass on the edge of the table; it may get knocked off. 不要把杯子放在桌邊上,它可能被碰掉。

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